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构成英语句子的十八个零件具体有哪些?

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构成英语句子的十八个零件具体有哪些?
按照曲刚那套
组成句子的六大句子成份是、主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、补语.构成英语句子的18种句子零件:×根零件1:主 + 谓 + [宾]×根零件2:主 + 系 + 表×根零件3:there + be +零件4(名词短语)×零件4(名词短语):n[adj(形容词)+n,n+n,n+of+n,n`s n,the+adj,],n代表名词,[]里面的是名词短语的组合类型.#n:表示单个名词,如dog、he、she、life、love、myself等.#adj + n:形容词加名词组合,如: good plan、easy job、betterr dog等.#n + n:名词加名词组合,如: English book、sun light、human beging 、computer network等.#n of n:of n是前n的大定语,如: the name of the boy.#the +adj: 表达具有adj特性的所有东西,如:the old(老人)、the young(年轻人)×零件5(形容词短语): adj [adj-er,adj-est,adv + adj,名词组+adj,...]adj代形容词、adv代表副词、这个零件是以形容词为核心..#adj、adj-er、adj-est分别表示单个形容词,如: good、better、best.#adv + adj,副词加形容词,如:very good.#名词组+adj,如:two years old、 there meters long×零件6(副词短语):adv[adv-er,adv-est,adv+adv,名词组+adv],副词组.#adv单个副词,如:ever、always,about,suddenly、finally.#adv+adv,副词加副词,如:pretty soon、very much、very well.#名词组+adv,如:three years ago、two days later.名词用做副词:today、tonight、now.×零件7(介词短语):介词+零件4、介词+零件10、介词+零件13:#介词+零件4,如:in the school.at that moment、by the time.#介词+零件10,如:in studying English、by changing the color,#介词+零件13,如:they are talking about who will come today.×零件8(谓语动词短语):将来助动词、完成助动词、动词(V)+(介词)构成谓语短语零件8.#单个动词如:like、study.#动词+介词:talk to,break out、call on,run into、get up、give up、take off×非谓语动词短语零件9(to v定式短语):如:to go、to finish the work.×非谓语动词短语零件10( v-ing定式短语):如:running 、speaking、going,×非谓语动词短语零件11(v-ed定式短语):如:the device used by him,the students arranged to go to school.×从句零件12-17从主从连接词+块1-3、宾从连接词+块1-3、补从连接词+块1-3、表从连接词+块1-3、定从连接词+块1-3、状从连接词+块1-3.×零件18(残句零件)如:Thank you、see you later、be quiet.【总结】18个句子零件、是担当6大句子成分的具体材料.三大根零件,形成句子基本框架.!18个零件中能做主语的零件:#用零件4(名词短语做主语)如:This house has many lights、he wanted to move his house,#用零件9(to v做主语)如:to stop the work is impossible 、to see is to believe.#用零件10( v-ing做主语)如:Smoking is bad to health、Speaking is easier than doing.#用零件12(主语从句做主语)如:that she is still alive is agood thing、that you are coming to visit us is the best news for us.18个零件中能做谓语的零件:谓语就是三大基本句型:主谓宾、主系表、there be.只不过谓语拥有很多时态的变化.18个零件中能做宾语的零件:#用零件4(名词短语做宾语)如:i have afew friends(我有几个朋友)、we lost our way.#用零件9(to v短语作宾语)如:i decided to go to shanghai.#用零件10( v-ing短语作宾语)如:i enjoy listening to the music,#用零件13(宾语从句作宾语)如:I believe that he is telling the truth.18个零件中能做补语的零件:#用零件4 (名词短语作补语)i offered my friend a cup of coffee#用零件5(形容词短语作补语)we found him ill、she seemed quite happy.#用零件7(介词短语快)we found him in trouble,#用零件9(to-v)i have homework to do,#用零件10(v-ing 短语块)we saw him playing the music.#用零件11(v-ed)he looked so determined#用零件14(补从)I am sure he will come.18个零件中能做表语的零件:#用零件4(名词短语)the book is an english book ,#用零件5(形容词短语)i am glad,#用零件7(介词短语)the ball is in he box,#用零件9(to -v)her job is to wash clothes#用零件10(v-ing)my hobby is listening to music#用零件15(表语从句)the trouble is that i have lost the address.18个零件中能做定语的零件:#用零件4(名词短语)the air conditioner works well#用零件5(形容词短语块)it is a small tonw#用零件7(介词短语块)people in beijing#用零件9(to -v)the way to do work#用零件10(v-ing)the person speaking english#用零件11(v-ed)a cat named teddy#用零件16(定语从句)tell us all things(that) you known18个零件中能做状语的零件:动词的时间、地点、原因、状态、目的、结果、方式、程度,#用零件6(副词短语)i quickly promised#用零件7(介词短语)she looks like an actress#用零件9(to-v)i went to post-office to mail a letter#用零件10(v-ing)being sick,i stayed at home,#用零件11(v-ed)united,we stand;divided,we fall.#用零件17(状语从句)i waved so that they could see me.